You’ve learned about defense mechanisms proposed by Sigmund Freud in Lesson 05. You are
advised to go through the lesson, read the scenarios given below and identify the correct defense
mechanism for each scenario in the respective column and justify your choice as well.
After attempting this assignment, the students will develop a thorough understanding regarding
the defense mechanisms given by Freud and how people use them in their daily lives.
|Saqib smokes a full pack of|
cigarettes every day.
Smoking a cigarette is the
first thing which he does after
waking up in the morning.
His wife has confronted him
several times and asked him
to leave this addiction.
However, Saqib believes that
he has not yet developed an
|DENIAL||In defense mechanism, Denial is the aware refusal to perceive that painful records exist. In denying latent feelings of homosexuality or hostility, or mental defects in a single’s toddler, an man or woman can break out intolerable mind, feelings, or events.|
Some examples: someone denies that they have got an alcohol or substance use disorder because they could nonetheless characteristic and visit work every day. After the unexpected demise of a loved one, someone would possibly refuse to just accept the fact of the loss of life and deny that whatever has passed off.
Tension, worry, and lack of confidence can all initiate denial. As a herbal human instinct, people try to shield their emotional security. Sometimes, whilst an event threatens people or scares them, these emotions can be shoved to the side as a coping mechanism.
|Amir was beaten by his|
mother every day when he
was a small child. However,
Amir, when he grew up,
reported having no memory
of being beaten by his mother
|RAPRESSION|| Repression is a protection mechanism whereby unpleasure-provoking mental tactics, along with morally disagreeable impulses and painful reminiscences, are actively avoided from coming into aware awareness.|
Repression is a psychological defense mechanism wherein unpleasant mind or reminiscences are driven from the aware mind. An example might be a person who does no longer does not forget abuse of their early adolescence, however still have issues with connection, aggression and anxiety as a result of the unremembered trauma.
Researchers together with Cannon (1927) and Jones (1935) are of the opinion that suppressing a physical emotional reaction even as emotionally caused to specific will increase the intensity of the emotional experience due to the concentration on suppressing the emotion.
|Usman appeared for a test for|
selection in Armed Forces.
He failed the test and was not
selected. After failing the test,
he tried to start a business and
said that he was not interested in joining the Army anyways
and wanted to become an
entrepreneur in the first place.
|RATIONALIZATION||Rationalization is a disavowal protection mechanism which permits an person to deal with emotional conflicts, or internal or external stressors, by way of devising reassuring or self-serving but incorrect motives for their own or others’ thoughts, movements, or emotions, which cover up other motives (Perry 1990).|
Explanation, for instance, a person who is grew to become down for a date would possibly rationalize the state of affairs by pronouncing they were not interested in the opposite character anyway. A scholar would possibly blame a poor exam score on the trainer in preference to their personal loss of instruction.
An example will be while a person were given rejected in a making a song audition and to rationalize, the man or woman could purpose that his anxiousness got inside the manner.
|Urwa was driving her car on|
the road. She was caught by a
traffic warden on a signal and
was served a challan for 300
Rupees. She was angry at the
warden but did not say
anything. However, later on
when she reached home, she
yelled at her son.
|DISPLACEMENT||Displacement is a mental protection mechanism wherein someone redirects a bad emotion from its authentic supply to a less threatening recipient. A classic instance of the protection is displaced aggression.|
Displacement is a defense mechanism that entails an individual transferring negative emotions from one man or woman or factor to every other. As an example, a person who’s irritated at their boss may “take out” their anger on a family member via shouting at them.
|Suman made a mistake which|
made her father angry and he
yelled at her. Suman felt bad,
went to her room and lied
down on her bed and started
sucking her thumb.
|REGRESSION||Regression is a return to earlier ranges of development and deserted forms of gratification belonging to them, precipitated via risks or conflicts bobbing up at one of the later ranges. A younger wife, for example, might retreat to the security of her mother and father’ home after her|
We will say that age and peak may be defined the use of a linear regression version. Considering the fact that a person’s peak increases as its age will increase, they’ve a linear dating. Regression fashions are commonly used as a statistical evidence of claims regarding everyday facts.
Identification – 1*5 = 5
Justification – 1*3 = 15
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• Every student will work individually.
• Give the answer according to question.
• For acquiring the relevant knowledge don’t rely only on handouts but watch the video lectures
and use other reference books also.
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